Financial Literacy for Kids | Mydoh
A grandpa giving his grandson an allowance

How to Teach Kids about Money at an Early Age

When should parents start teaching kids about money? The answer may surprise you. According to financial experts, the money lessons start early in life.
March 16, 2021 · By Susan Goldberg

When should parents start teaching kids about money? The answer may surprise you. According to financial experts, the best financial literacy lessons start early in life.

Here’s how to teach your kids how to be smart with money at an early age so they grow into financially savvy adults.

Start teaching money skills to kids early

Even before our kids are born, parents are encouraged to read to them. As they grow, we point out letters and sing the ABC song. In the same way parents teach their kids the fundamentals of reading and writing, they can also teach another kind of literacy: financial.  

Financial literacy — having the skills and knowledge to make informed decisions about managing money — is also a crucial life skill. People who can budget, save for retirement, understand credit and debt, and avoid impulse purchases will make better financial decisions than those who haven’t been taught how to handle money.

And those financial lessons can start earlier than you think. A recent study by the University of Cambridge showed that kids form money habits as early as the age of seven. But that doesn’t mean that parents should wait until second grade to teach money skills to kids. Preschoolers as young as two are watching parents and other adults and absorbing  important lessons well before then.

Two- and three-year-olds can begin to learn the names of coins, and to understand that they can be exchanged for things like toys or items in a pretend “store.” You can use real or pretend coins and paper money to set up an imaginary shop or restaurant. That way, kids can get used to the idea, through play, that they have to pay for the things they’d like. You can reinforce the same lessons at the real-life grocery store by pointing out to your toddler when you hand over cash or use a debit or credit card: “Now I’m giving the store money for the food we bought.”

To get young kids hooked on saving, start with giving them coins to put into a clear piggy bank or jar so they can see their pile of money grow. As kids get a bit older, you can introduce the concept of an allowance, which could be tied to tasks like putting cutlery on the dinner table or dirty clothes in the laundry hamper. Let them practice counting their coins, and explain to them that they can buy a toy or a treat when they have a certain number of coins. This gets kids used to deferring gratification and saving for a goal, both of which are important money management skills.

How to help older kids understand finances

By age 5 or 6, kids are capable of more household chores, and can use an allowance to practice higher-level money management skills, like designating a portion of money for saving, another for spending, and another for giving.

If you haven’t already, now’s a great time to set up a savings account for kids and introduce topics like online banking, using a debit card, as well as compound interest (“They’ll pay me money to put my money in the bank? And then they’ll pay me money for that money?”). Opening a savings account is a move that could pay big dividends. One study out of Washington University in St. Louis shows a link between kids having a savings account and post-secondary achievement. Kids in the study with savings accounts were six times more likely to attend college.

No matter how old your kids are, a huge part of teaching kids about finance is simply having frequent, open, and honest conversations about money. In a 2015 global survey of financial literacy among 15-year-olds, Canadian youth ranked second in the world for financial literacy (tied with Belgium). But the teens who talked about money with their parents tended to score higher, and those who talked about money matters at home once or twice a week scored highest of all.

Financial literacy in the classroom

Fortunately, parents across Canada have an ally when it comes to teaching kids financial literacy: schools.

All Canadian provinces now mandate financial literacy education. Ontario, for example, recently overhauled its financial literacy curriculum. Kids in younger grades will learn about currency and ways to represent different amounts of money. Older students will learn about interest rates, taxes, and balancing budgets. 

As kids get older, what they learn in school can be expanded on at home. Talk to your teens about stocks, mutual funds. Explain what a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) is, as well as a Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA). Encourage your kids to get some experience investing using a free “practice account,” offered by financial institutions.  

Whether it’s an eight-year-old calculating how much they’ll need to save to buy a Nintendo Switch or a 17-year-old figuring out their first pay stub, kids learn financial skills most effectively by handling their own money. In the same global survey cited above, youth with hands-on money experience had the strongest financial literacy skills, as did Canadian students who had occasional jobs and who regularly saved money.

If you’re worried about starting the money talk “too early,” rest easy. And if you haven’t started yet, there’s no time like the present. Whether they’re three or 13, begin to talk, play, learn, practice,  and explore money management with your kids today. 

Learn more about Mydoh and how it can help your kids learn responsibility and build good money habits early in life. 

Download Mydoh today to learn more.

This article offers general information only and is not intended as legal, financial or other professional advice. A professional advisor should be consulted regarding your specific situation. While the information presented is believed to be factual and current, its accuracy is not guaranteed and it should not be regarded as a complete analysis of the subjects discussed. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the author(s) as of the date of publication and are subject to change. No endorsement of any third parties or their advice, opinions, information, products or services is expressly given or implied by Royal Bank of Canada or its affiliates. 

Start your free trial today

Get your first 30 days free and give your kids a head start on building money skills*.

September 21, 2021
Understanding the difference between a need and a want is fundamental to building good money habits with teens. Here are some tips on teaching the difference.
May 26, 2021
We share some tips for newcomers on understanding the financial landscape in Canada and how Mydoh can help kids learn about money.
April 12, 2021
When’s the best time to teach your kids about money? The short answer: right now. Here are some of the most important money lessons to teach kids.
March 31, 2021
Kids as young as three are already beginning to grasp the concept of money. Introduce the ABC's of money to your kids with these fun games and practical tips.
March 24, 2021
Parents should talk with their kids about money early. Here’s our tips on how kids can save money and build a plan that gives them a headstart on financial literacy.
March 17, 2021
Talking about money is the key to teaching kids good money savings habits, at every age. Those conversations don’t have to be awkward — and they can even be fun.
March 13, 2021
Online games and board games are a great way to introduce financial literacy skills. Here are nine fun money games for kids to play.
October 14, 2020
Volunteering or donating your time, money, or unwanted items are great ways to give back to your community. Learn more about what you and your kids can do.
September 8, 2020
Are your kids anxious about going back-to-school this year? Here’s how to talk to them about COVID-19, practice good hygiene and alleviate their fears.
August 24, 2020
Find out why Bryan and Sarah Baeumler recognize the value of talking about money with their kids.

Seriously Secure

Kids can spend in-store and online up to allowable limits with their Mydoh Smart Cash Card issued by Royal Bank of Canada and powered by Visa.

Terms & Conditions

*The 30-day free trial offer is activated on the date of completion of the Mydoh mobile app account registration process. After your free trial offer ends, a monthly subscription fee of $4.99 ($2.99 for RBC Clients) will be taken out of your Mydoh Wallet. You can cancel any time by contacting Mydoh. Mydoh reserves the right to cancel, modify or withdraw this offer at any time.

† The RBC Visa Prepaid Mydoh Smart Cash Card (“Mydoh Smart Cash Card”) is available as a physical and digital card that can be used to pay for purchases online or in-store anywhere Visa contactless (tap) is accepted.



1. The RBC Visa Prepaid Mydoh Smart Cash Card (“Mydoh Smart Cash Card”) is available as a physical and digital card that can be used to pay for purchases online or in-store anywhere Visa contactless (tap) is accepted.

2. Parents can load and kids can access up to a maximum of $500 per day on their Mydoh Smart Cash Card. When loading money to a Mydoh Smart Cash Card, there are limits to the number of transfers and dollar amounts. Please see transfer and transaction limits.

3. RBC Client means an individual who holds at least one personal deposit account with Royal Bank of Canada (excluding saving accounts and US dollar accounts), or a personal RBC Royal Bank Credit Card.